Django Model ORM操作

# 增
#
# 1.models.Tb1.objects.create(c1=’xx’)

# 2.dict={c1:’xx’}
# models.Tb1.objects.create(dict)

# 3.obj = models.Tb1(c1=’xx’)
# obj.save()

# 4.obj = models.Tb1()
# obj.c1=’xx’
# obj.save()

# 查
#
# models.Tb1.objects.get(id=123) # 获取单条数据,不存在则报错(不建议)
# models.Tb1.objects.all() # 获取全部
# models.Tb1.objects.filter(name=’seven’) # 获取指定条件的数据
# models.Tb1.objects.exclude(name=’seven’) # 获取指定条件外数据

# 删
#
# models.Tb1.objects.filter(name=’seven’).delete() # 删除指定条件的数据

# 改
# models.Tb1.objects.filter(name=’seven’).update(gender=’0′) # 将指定条件的数据更新,均支持 **kwargs
# obj = models.Tb1.objects.get(id=1)
# obj.c1 = ‘111’
# obj.save() # 修改单条数据

# 获取个数
#
# models.Tb1.objects.filter(name=’seven’).count()

# 大于,小于
#
# models.Tb1.objects.filter(id__gt=1) # 获取id大于1的值
# models.Tb1.objects.filter(id__gte=1) # 获取id大于等于1的值
# models.Tb1.objects.filter(id__lt=10) # 获取id小于10的值
# models.Tb1.objects.filter(id__lte=10) # 获取id小于10的值
# models.Tb1.objects.filter(id__lt=10, id__gt=1) # 获取id大于1 且 小于10的值

# in
#
# models.Tb1.objects.filter(id__in=[11, 22, 33]) # 获取id等于11、22、33的数据
# models.Tb1.objects.exclude(id__in=[11, 22, 33]) # not in

# isnull
# Entry.objects.filter(pub_date__isnull=True)

# contains
#
# models.Tb1.objects.filter(name__contains=”ven”)
# models.Tb1.objects.filter(name__icontains=”ven”) # icontains大小写不敏感
# models.Tb1.objects.exclude(name__icontains=”ven”)

# range
#
# models.Tb1.objects.filter(id__range=[1, 2]) # 范围bettwen and

# 其他类似
#
# startswith,istartswith, endswith, iendswith,

# order by
#
# models.Tb1.objects.filter(name=’seven’).order_by(‘id’) # asc
# models.Tb1.objects.filter(name=’seven’).order_by(‘-id’) # desc

# group by
#
# from django.db.models import Count, Min, Max, Sum
# models.Tb1.objects.filter(c1=1).values(‘id’).annotate(c=Count(‘num’))
# SELECT “app01_tb1″.”id”, COUNT(“app01_tb1″.”num”) AS “c” FROM “app01_tb1” WHERE “app01_tb1”.”c1″ = 1 GROUP BY “app01_tb1″.”id”

# limit 、offset
#
# models.Tb1.objects.all()[10:20]

# regex正则匹配,iregex 不区分大小写
#
# Entry.objects.get(title__regex=r’^(An?|The) +’)
# Entry.objects.get(title__iregex=r’^(an?|the) +’)

# date
#
# Entry.objects.filter(pub_date__date=datetime.date(2005, 1, 1))
# Entry.objects.filter(pub_date__date__gt=datetime.date(2005, 1, 1))

# year
#
# Entry.objects.filter(pub_date__year=2005)
# Entry.objects.filter(pub_date__year__gte=2005)

# month
#
# Entry.objects.filter(pub_date__month=12)
# Entry.objects.filter(pub_date__month__gte=6)

# day
#
# Entry.objects.filter(pub_date__day=3)
# Entry.objects.filter(pub_date__day__gte=3)

# week_day
#
# Entry.objects.filter(pub_date__week_day=2)
# Entry.objects.filter(pub_date__week_day__gte=2)

# hour
#
# Event.objects.filter(timestamp__hour=23)
# Event.objects.filter(time__hour=5)
# Event.objects.filter(timestamp__hour__gte=12)

# minute
#
# Event.objects.filter(timestamp__minute=29)
# Event.objects.filter(time__minute=46)
# Event.objects.filter(timestamp__minute__gte=29)

# second
#
# Event.objects.filter(timestamp__second=31)
# Event.objects.filter(time__second=2)
# Event.objects.filter(timestamp__second__gte=31)

# 执行原生SQL
#
# from django.db import connection, connections
# cursor = connection.cursor()  # cursor = connections['default'].cursor()
# cursor.execute("""SELECT * from auth_user where id = %s""", [1])
# row = cursor.fetchone()

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